The minimum age for a Commercial Pilot’s License is 18 years old.
An applicant can be admitted to the CPL training course as an ab-initio entrant or as the holder of a PPL.
Before issuing the license on a modular route, the applicant must have at least 195 hours of flying training. This usually consists of 45 hours for the PPL, 105 hours of hour-building experience, 5 hours of Night flying and 40 hours of Commercial Flight instruction.
Prior to commencing Modular Commercial Flight training, a candidate must have acquired 150 hours of total flight time. The Theoretical Knowledge examinations can be attempted before reaching 150 hours of flying experience so that hour building and Ground School may be occur simultaneously.
The benefit of the modular route is that milestones and ratings are achieved at different points and a student can stop and resume training again at times that are convenient and within budget limitations.
On an Integrated route, the applicant must have at least 180 flight hours for a CPL without issuing a PPL mid-stream. There is both a risk and a benefit to this method as a student is likely to complete the higher qualification in a shorter period of time, but risks losing a lower license if the full course is not completed.
Further definitions of the hours of flight time are divided between dual-instruction, Pilot-in-Command (PIC), cross-country, night flying and simulator time and will apply to both routes.
In both cases, the applicant MUST have completed all of the Theoretical Knowledge requirements prior to commencing Commercial Flight training.
If a student does not wish to progress beyond the CPL and does not later wish to apply for an ATPL, only 9 of the 14 Ground School examinations will be required*.
A pass in all of the Theoretical Knowledge examinations remains valid for 36 months from the end of the month of the last exam passed to apply for a CPL or IR. A CPL license will be issued after a qualifying cross-country solo flight and a Skills Test with a Qualified Examiner.
*Candidates should note that not all of the common examinations are identical. For students studying in the UK at present, it will usually make more sense to simply study for and pass the 14 ATPL exams rather than the 9 abridged CPL exams.
During the Multi-Engine Rating (ME), the student will be introduced to the theory and practical aspects of operating an aircraft with more than one engine.
For the Multi Engine Rating to be issued, a student must complete a course of training at an approved FTO or Type Rating Training Organisation (TRTO).
The training syllabus must be recognised by the JAA and include the following:
The theoretical knowledge portion of the training shall be completed within the 6 months preceding the skill test.
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